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156 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS THE BEST INSTRUMENT TO USE TO SEPARATE THE LIQUID PORTION FROM THE SOLID PORTIONS IN WHOLE BLOOD?
CENTRIFUGE
WHAT IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE PIECE OF EQUIPMENT TO USE WHEN MEASURING THE MASS OF A LEAF?
TRIPLE BEAM BALANCE
WHICH IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE PIECE OF EQUIPMENT TO USE WHEN MEASURING 40ML OF WATER?
GRADUATED CYLINDER
WHICH MICROSCOPE MIGHT A SCIENTIST USE TO OBSERVE A VIRUS?
ELECTRON MICROSCOPE
WHAT IS THE GREATEST MAGNIFICATION THAT A COMPOUND LIGHT MICROSCOPE CURRENTLY CAN HAVE?
2000X
WHAT IS THE MAGNIFICATION OF A LIGHT MICROSCOPE THAT HAS AN OBJECTIVE LENS OF 10X AND AN OCULAR LENS OF 20X?
200X
WHAT IS AN INSTRUMENT THAT ALLOWS LIGHT TO PASS THROUGH THE SPECIMEN AND USES TWO LENSES TO FORM AN IMAGE CALLED?
COMPOUND LIGHT MICROSCOPE
WHAT TYPE OF GLASSWARE WOULD BE USED WHEN CULTURING BACTERIA?
PETRI DISH
WHAT DO YOU PLACE OVER A MICROSCOPE SLIDE TO PROTECT THE MICROSCOPE LENS?
COVER SLIP
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR AN EYEPIECE ON A MICROSCOPE?
OCULAR LENS
ON THE CELSIUS TEMPERATURE SCALE, HOW MANY DEGREES ARE BETWEEN THE FREEZING AND BOILING POINTS OF WATER?
100
A SCIENTIST NOTICED THAT THE NUMBER OF SALAMANDERS IN PONDS IN THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS WAS DECLINING. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH STEP OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
OBSERVATION
A CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT IS SET UP IN DUPLICATE. A SINGLE FACTOR IS CHANGED IN ONE SETUP BUT NO CHANGE IS MADE IN THE OTHER SETUP. WHAT IS THE FACTOR THAT WAS CHANGED
VARIABLE
HOW MANY CENTIMETERS ARE IN 2.4 KM?
240,000
WHAT DOES THE WORD THEORY USED IN A SCIENTIFIC SENSE MEAN?
THAT OF WHICH THE SCIENTIST IS MOST CERTAIN
TWO SIMILAR SPECIES OF RODENTS LIVE IN THE SAME FOREST. A BIOLOGIST OBSERVES THAT ONE RODENT POPULATION. THE BIOLOGIST BELIEVES THAT THE DIFFERENCE IS DUE TO BETTER PROTECTIVE COLORATION IN THE LARGER POPULATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT IS SET UP TO TEST THIS IDEA. WHAT IS THE BIOLOGIST'S IDEA THAT THE POPULATION NUMBERS ARE INFLUENCED BY COLORATION CALLED.
HYPOTHESIS
WHAT IS THE BASIC UNIT OF MASS IN SI?
FEn
HOW MANY KILOGRAMS ARE IN 84 HG
8.4
WHAT IS THE BASIC UNIT OF LENGTH OF SI?
METER
WHAT IS THE BASIC UNIT OF VOLUME IN SI?
LITER
WHAT IS THE BASIC UNIT OF TEMPERATURE IN SI USED N IN BIOLOGY
CELSIUS
HOW DOES ACTIVE TRANSPORT DIFFER FROM PASSIVE TRANSPORT?
ACTIVE TRANSPORT REQUIRES ENERGY
MOLECULES THAT ARE TOO LARGE TO BE MOVED THROUGH THE MEMBRANE ARE TRANSPORTED INTO THE CELL THROUGH WHAT PROCESS?
ENDOCYTOSIS
WHAT IS THE MOVEMENT OF A SUBSTANCE FROM AN AREA OF HIGH CONCENTRATION TO ANA REA OF LOWER CONCENTRATION
DIFFUSION
A CELL WILL SWELL WHEN PLACED IN WHAT TYPE OF SOLUTION
HYPOTONIC
OSMOSIS IS A TYPE OF WHAT KIND OF TRANSPORT?
PASSIVE TRANSPORT
WHAT IS THE DIFFUSION OF WATER INTO OR OUT OF A CELL CALLED?
OSMOSIS
ABOUT TWELVE TO TWENTY-FOUR HOUR'S AFTER THE PREVIOUS MEAL, A PERSON'S BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL NORMALLY VARIES FROM 60 TO 90 MILLIGRAMS PER 100 MILLIGRAMS PER 100 MILLILITERS OF BLOOD, THOUGH IT MAY RISE TO 130MG/100ML AFTER MEALS HIGH IN CARBOHYDRATES. THE FACT THAT THE BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL IS MAINTAINED WITHING A FAIRLY NARROW RANGE DESPITE UNEVEN INTAKE OF SUGAR IS DUE TO THE BODY'S ABILITY TO CARRY OUT WHAT PROCESS?
HOMEOSTATIS
WHAT HAPPENS TO THE SURFACE ARE TO VOLUME RATIO OF A CELL WHEN THE VOLUME INCREASES FASTER THAT THE SURFACE ARES?
RATIO DECREASES
WHAT IS THE PROCESS OF RIDDING THE CELL OF MATERIALS BY DISCHARGING THE MATERIALS IN VESICLES
EXOCYTOSIS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING: FAT, CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEIN, OR HEREDITY INFORMATION, DOES dna STORE THAT IS IMPORTANT TO ALL CELLULAR FUNCTIONS?
HEREDITY INFORMATION
WHAT TYPE OF PROTEIN ACTS AS A BIOLOGICAL CATALYST LOWERING TYHE ACTIVATION ENERGY OF A REACTION
ENZYME
WHAT ARE CARBOHYDRATES AND LIPIDS ABLE TO STORE IN THEIR BONDS?
ENERGY
MOST OF THE FOOD AND WASTE MATERIALS THAT MOVE INTO AND OUT OF A CELL PASS THROUGH WHAT TYPE OF ORGANIC MOLECULE IN THE CELL MEMBRANE?
PROTEIN
PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE MOLECULES THAT FORM THE LIPID BILAYER OF WHICH IMPORTANT CELL PART: NUCLEUS, CENTRIOLE, MICROFILAMENT, OR CELL MEMBRANE?
CELL MEMBRANE
RNA PLAYS AN INTEGRAL ROLE IN THE PRODUCTION OF WHICH IMPORTANT MOLECULE MADE OF AMINO ACIDS?
PROTEIN
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE CARBOHYDRATE FOUND IN CELL WALLS THAT PROVIDES STRUCTURAL SUPPORT FOR PLANTS?
CELLULOSE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FUNCTIONS IN THE BUILDING OF BONE AND MUSCLE: MUCLEIC ACID, LIPID, PROTEIN OR CARBOHYDRATE
PROTEIN
WHEN A SIGNAL MOLECULE BINDS TO THE RECEPTOR PROTEIN, THE RECEPTOR PROTEIN SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTIONS INSIDE THE CELL. THE RECEPTOR PROTEIN IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHATT YPE OF CATALYTIC SYSTANCE
ENZYME
IN EUKARYOTIC CELLS, THE TIME OF THE CELL CYCLE IS REGULATED BY WHICH PROTEIN
CYCLIN
WHY IS NADPH IMPORTANT IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS
IT CARRIES HIGH ENERGY ELECTRONS NEEDED TO PRODUCE ORGANIC MOLECULES
WHAT ARE SUGAR MOLEUCLES PRODUCED FROM DURING THE THIRD STAGE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CARBON ATOMS FROM CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE AIR AND HYDROGEN ATOMS FROM NADPH
WHAT TWO PRODUCTS OF THE LIGHT REACTIONS PF PHOTOSYNTHESIS ARE REQUIRED BY THE DARK REATIONS?
ATP AND NADPH
DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS; THE SERIES OF REACTIONS THAT CREAT THE COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES NEEDED FOR ENERGY AND GROWTH CALLED
CALVIN CYCLE
FROM WHAT MOLECULES DOE THE ENERGY USED IN THE cALVIN CYCLE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CARBOHYDRATE MOLELCULES COME?
ATP AND NADPH
A GREEN PLANT IS KEPT IN A BRIGHTLY LIGHTED AREA FOR 48 HOURS. IF THE LIGHT INTENSITY IS REDUCED SLIGHTLY DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS WHAT WILL MOST LIKELY HAPPEN TO THE RATE AT WHICH OXYGEN IS RELEASED FROM THE PLANT
DECREASE
IN WHICH CELL ORGANELLE IS THIS PROCESS, CARBON DIOXIDE + WATER-GLUCOSE+WATER+OXYGEN, COMPLETED
CHLOROPLAST
WHAT GAS IS THE MAJOR SOURCE OF WEIGHT GAIN IN A GROWING PLANT
CARBON DIOXIDE
TWO TEST TUBES WERE FILLED WITH A SOLUTION OF BROMTHYMOL BLUE. A STUDENT EXHALED THROUGH A STRAW INTO EACH TUBE, AND THE BROMTHYMOL BLUE TURNED TO YELLOW. AN AQUATIC GREEN PLANT WAS PLACED INTO EACH TUBE AND THE TUBES WERE CORED. ONE TUBE WAS PLACED IN THE DARK AND ONE WAS PLACED IN DIRET SUNLIGHT THE YELLOW SOLUTION IN THE TYBE IN SUNLIGHT TURNED BLUE, WHILE THE ONE IN THE DARK REMAINED YELLOW.
wHICH STATEMENT EXPLAINS WHY THE SOLUTION IN THE TUBE PLACED IN SUNLIGHT RETURNED TO A BLUE COLOR
CARBON DIXIDE WAS REMOVED BY PHOTSYNTHESIS
CHOLORPHYLL IS THE PRIMARY PIGMENT IN PLANT CHLOROPLASTS. WHAT WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT (COLOR_ DOES IT REFLECT?
GREEN
WHAT IS THE MAJOR ATMOSPHERIC BY PRODUCT OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
OXYGEN
WHAT HAPPENS TO THE ELECTRONS OF A CHLOROPHYLL OLECULE WHEN THEY ARE RAISED TO A HIGHER ENERGY LEVEL
THEY ENTER AN ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS ONE TYPE OF ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN IS USED TO FORM MOLECULES OF ATP. WHAT IS THE SECOND ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN USED FOR
TO FORM MOLECULES OF NADPH
WHAT PROCESS DOES THIS WORD EQUATION REPRESENT? GLUCOSE + OXYGEN --CARBON DIOXIDE + WATER+ENERGY (IN THE FORM OF ATP)
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
THE SUGAR GLUCOSE (C6H12O6) IS THE MAJOR SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR YOUR BODY'S CELLS. WHAT IS THE GENERAL EQUATION THAT DESCRIBES THE PROCESS OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION
C6H12O6---CO2 + H20 + ENERGY
WHAT IS THE FINAL ELECTRON ACCEPTOR IN AEROBIC RESPIRATION
OXYGEN
CHEMICAL ENERGY STORED IN FOOD MOLECULES IS RELEASED THROUGH WHAT PROCESS
CELLULAR REPIRATION
IN OXYGEN IS ABSENT DURING THE SECOND STAGE OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION, WHAT PROCESS OCCURS NEXT
FERMENTATION WILL OCCUR
FERMENTATION ENABLES GLYCOLYSIS TO CONTINUE UNDER WHAT KIND OF CONDITIONS
ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS
THE TOTAL AMOUNT ATP THAT A CELL GAINS FOR EACH GLUCOSE MOLECULE DEPENDS ON THE PRESENCE OF WHAT ELEMENT
OXYGEN
WHAT IS THE STARTING MOLECULE FOR GLYCOLYSIS
GLUCOSE
GLYCOLYSIS PROVIDES A CELL WITH A NET GAIN OF HOW MANY ATP MOLECULES
2
WHAT PROCESS OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION TAKES PLACE IN THE CYTOPLASM OF A CELL
GLYCOLYSIS
WHAT IS THE STARTING MOLECULE FOR THE KREBS CYCLE
PYUVIC ACID
WHAT MOLECULES PASS HIGH ENERGY ELECTRONS INTO THE ELCTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN DURING CELLULAR RESPIRATION
NADH AND FADH2
WHAT IS TH ENERGY OF ELECTRONS PASSING ALONG THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN USED TO MAKE DURING CELLULAR RESPIRATION
ATP
WHAT TYPE OF MICROSCOPE VWOULD BE BEST USED TO OBSERVE THE THREE DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE CELL
SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE
WHAT SCIENTIST DETERMINED THAT CELLS COME ONLY FROM PREEXISTING CELLS
VIRCHOW
WHAT CAN THE WORK OF SCHLEIDEN AND SCHWANN BE SUMMARIZED AS SAYING
ALL PLANTS AND ANIMALS ARE MADE OF CELLS
WHAT IS ONE SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PROKARYOTIC AND EUKARYOTIC CELLS
PROKARYOTES DONOT HAVE A NUCLEUS
WHAT IS THE ORGANELLE ASSOCIATED WITH PLANT PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CHLOROPLAST
PLANT CELLS HAVE A LARGE MEMBRANE BOUND SPACE IN WHICH WATER, WSTE PRODUCTS AND NUTRIENTS CAN BE STORED, WHAT IS THIS SPACE CALLED
CENTRAL VACUOLE
A CELL THAT REQUIRES A LOT OF ENERGY MIGHT CONTAIN LARGE NUMBRS OF WHAT ORGANELLE
MITOCONDRION
OF THE FOLLOWING EUKARYOTIC CELLS: TREE, FUNGI, MOS, AND ANIMAL, WHICH TYPES OF CELLS HAVE A CELL WALL
TREE FUNGI AND OSS ONLY
LOCOMOTION OF CERTAIN CELLS IS ACCOMPLISHED BY LONG THREADLIKE ORGANELLES CALLED WHAT
FLAGELLA
WHAT ARE NUMEROUS SHORT THREADLIKE ORGANELLES THAT PROTRUDE FROM THE SURFACE OF A CELL AND ARE PACKED IN TIGHT ROWS CALLED
CILIA
WHAT IS A STRUCTURE WITHIN A EUKARYOTIC CELL THA TPERFORMS A SPECIFIC FUNCTION CALLED
ORGANELLE
WHAT IS THE DOUBLE MEMBRANE SURROUNDING THE NUCLEUS CALLED
NUCLEAR ENEVELOPE
IN A CELL WHERE ARE PROTEINS MADE
RIBOSOMES
WHAT IS THE ORGANELLE KNOWN AS THE PACKAGING AND DISTRIBUTION CENTER OF THE CELL
GOLGI APPARATUS
WHAT IS THE STRUCRE THAT REGULATES WHAT ENTERS AND LEAVES THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE
WHAT DISTINCT TYPES OF CELLS WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM A COMMON FUNCTION CALLED
TISSUES
WHAT ARE TISSUES ORGANIZED INTO SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES WITH SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS CALLED
ORGANS
WHAT ARE ORGANS WORKING TOGETHER THAT CARRY OUT MAJOR BODY FUNCTIONS CALLED
ORGAN SYSTEMS
WHAT IS THE LOWEST LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION THAT INCLUDES THE LIVING AND NON LIVING COMPONENETS
ECOSYSTEM
WHAT IS THE TERM FOR A GORUP OF ORGANISMS OF ONE TYPE LIVING IN THE SAME PLACE
BIOSPHERE
ECOSYSTEMS DIFFER FROM A COMMUNITY IN THAT ECOSYSTEMS ALSO CONTAIN
PHYSICAL ASPECTS
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE PROCESS BY WHICH CELLS BECOME SPECIALIZED IN FORM AND FUNCTION
DIFFERENTIATION
WHAT IS A G ROUP OF ESCOSYSTEMS THT HAVE THE SAME CLIMATE AND SIMILAR DOMINANTCOMMUNITIES CALLED
BIOME
WHICH WOULD BE M ORE COMPLEX THAN TISSUES
ORGANS
WHAT ARE ALL THE DIFFERENT SPECIES WITHIN AN EXOSYSTEM ARE COLLECTIVELY CALLED
COMMUNITY
WHAT ARE THE COMBINED PORTIONS FO THE PLANET IN WHICH ALL OF LIFE EXISTS, INCLUDING LAND, WATER AND THE ATMOSPHERE CALLED
BIOSPHERE
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE PROCESS BY WHICH BACTERIA REPRODUCE ASEXUALLY IN WHICH THERE IS NO EXCHANGE OF GENETIC MATERIAL
BINARY FISSION
DURING NORMAL MITOTIC CELL DIVISION, A PARENT CELL HAVING FOUR CHROMSOMES WILLPRODUCE TWO DAUGHTER CELLS EACH CONTAINING HOW MANY CHROMOSOMES
FOUR
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE DISORDER IN WHICH SOME CELLS HAVE LOST THE ABILITY TO CONTROL THEIR GROWTH RATE
CANCER
GIVEN A DIAGRAM BE ABLE TO DERMINE WHICH PHASE OF MITOSIS COMES FIRST, SECOND, ETC
PROPHASE, METAPHASE, ANAPHASE, TELOPHASE
WHAT IS THE ANME OF THE PROCESS NECESSARY FOR REPRODUCTION, GROWTH, AND REPAIR OF CELLS
CELL DIVISION
FRAGMENTATION IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH TYPE OF REPRODUCTION
ASEXUAL
GIVEN A DIAGRAM BE ABLE TO DERMINE WHICH PHASE OF MITOSIS COMES FIRST, SECOND, ETC
PROPHASE, METAPHASE, ANAPHASE, TELOPHASE
WHAT IS THE ANME OF THE PROCESS NECESSARY FOR REPRODUCTION, GROWTH, AND REPAIR OF CELLS
CELL DIVISION
FRAGMENTATION IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH TYPE OF REPRODUCTION
ASEXUAL
WHAT IS A FORM OF CELL DIVISION THATHALVES THE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES WHEN FORMING SPECIALED REPRODUCTIVE CELLS SUCH AS GAMETES OR SPORES
MEIOSIS
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE PROCESS BY WHICH GAMETES OF ANIMALS ARE FORMED
MEIOSIS
IF AN ORGANISM
S DIPLOID NUMBER IS 12 WHAT IS IT HAPLOID NUMBER
6
MEIOSIS OF A MALE DIPLOID CELL RESULTS IN FOUR HAPLOUID SPERM. HOW MANY HAPLOUID EGGS RESULT FROM MEIOSIS OF A FEMALE DIPLOID CELL
1
NORMAL HUMAN MALES DEVELOP FROM FERTILIZED EGGS CONTAINING THE COMBINATION OF WHICH SEX CHROMOSOMES
XY
HOW MANY CHROMOSOMES ARE IN THE BODY CELLS OF AN ORGANISM THAT HAS A HAPLOID NUMBER OF 8
16
WHAT IS THE POINT AT WHICH TWO CHROMATIDS ARE ATTACHED TO EACH OTHER IN A CHROMOSOME CALLED
CENTROMERE
WHAT ARE CHROMATIDS
JOINED STRANDS OF DUPLICATED GENETIC MATERIAL
WHAT ARE THE FIRST THREE PHASES OF THE CELL CYCLE COLLECTIVELY KNOWN AS
INTERPHASE
WHAT IS THE PHASE OF MITOSIS THAT IS CHARACTRIZED BY THE ARRANGEMENT OF ALL CHROMOSOMES ALONG THE EQUATOR FO THE CELL CALLED
METAPHASE
WHAT IS THE EXCHANGE OF CORRESPONDING SEGMENTS OF DNA OF CHROMOSOMES DURING PROPHASE I CALLED
CROSSING OVER
THE PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING GENETICALLY IDENTICAL TO THE PARENT PLANT IS THE RESULT OF
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
WHAT IS THE EXPECTED PHENOTYPIC RATIO RESULTING FROM A HOMOZYGOUS DOMINANT X HETEROZYGOUS MONOHYBRID CROSS
1:0
HOW CAN THE UNKNOWN GENOTYPE OF AN INDIVIDUAL WIHT A DOMINANT PHENOTYPE BE DETERMINE
TEST CROSS
WHAT IS THE EXPECTED GENOTYPE RATION RESULTING FROM A HETEROZYGOUS X HETEROZYGOUS MONOHYBRID CROSS
1:2:1
WHAT IS THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF HEREDITY CALLED
GENETICS
WHAT IS THE PASSING OF TRAITS FROMPARENTS TO OFFSPRING CALLED
HEREDITY
WHO IS THE FATHER OF GENETICS
GREGOR MENDEL
IF AN INDIVIDUAL POSSESSES TWO RECESSIVE ALLELES FOR THE SAME TRAIT, THE INDIVIDUAL IS SALE TO BE WHAT
HOMOZYGOUS FOR THE TRAIT
WHAT IS THE DEVICE SHOWN WHICH IS USED TOD ETERMINE THE PROBABLE OUTCOME OF GENETIC CROSSES, CALLED
PUNNETT SQUARE
IN RABBITS BLACK FUR (B) IS DOMINANT TO BROWN FUR (b) IN THIS CROSS Bb X Bb WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE OFFSPRING WOULD BE BLACK
75%
WHAT STRAND OF DNA WAS TRANSCRIBED TO PRODUCE THIS STRAND OF mRNA: CUCAAGUGCUUC
GAGTTCACGAAG
WHAT ARE THE ANTICODONS FOR THE CODONS IN THIS PIECE OF mRNA?mRNA: CUC-AAG-UGC-UUC
GAG-UUC-ACG-AAG
USING THE GENETIC ODE FOUND IN THE BOOK TELL THE PORTEIN MOLECULE CODED FOR BY THE PIECE OF mRNA CUC-AAG-UGC-UUC
LEU-LYS-CYC-PHE
TRANSCRIPTION IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH GENETIC INFORMATION ENCODED IN DNA IS TRANSFERRED TO WHAT TYPE OF MOLECULE
RNA MOLECULE
WHAT ARE THE PORTIONS OF DNA MOLECULES THAT ACTUALLY CODE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PROTEINS CALLED
EXONS
WHAT ARE THE ENZYMENS THAT UNWIND DNA CALLED
DNA HELICASES
GUANINE TYPICALLY OCCURS IN THE SAME AMOUNT AS WHAT OTHER NITROGEN BASE WITHIN AN ORGANISM
CYTOSINE
RNA IS CHEMICALLY SIMILAR TO DNA EXCEPT THAT ITS SUGARS HAVE AN ADDITIONAL OXYGEN ATOM, AND THE BASE THYMINE IS REPALCED BY A STRUCTURALLY SIMILAR BASE CALLED WHAT:
URACIL
OF THE FOUR NITROGEN BASES IN DNA, WHICH TWO AR EPURINES AND WHICH TWO AREPYRIMIDINES
ADENINE-GUANINE;
THYMINE-CYTOSINE
WHAT IS A CHANGE IN A GENE DUE TO DAMAGE OR BEING COPIED INCORRECTLY CALLED
MUTATION
WHAT ARE THE THREE COMPONENETS OF A NUCLEOTIDE
SUGAR PHASPHATE GROUP AND A NITROGEN BASE
DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID (DNA) IS NAMED FOR WHICH PART OF ITS NUCLEOTIDES
SUGAR
DURING DNA REPLICATION, A COMPLEMENTARY STRAND OF DNA IS MADE FOR EACH ORIGINAL DNA STRAND THUS IF A PORTION OF THE ORIGINAL STRAND IS CCTAGCT WHAT WILL BE THE NEW STRAND
GGATCGA
DURING TRANSCRIPTION THE GENETIC INFORMATION FOR MAKING A PROTEIN IS REWRITTEN AS WHAT RNA MOLECULE
MESSENGER RNA
WHAT IS EACH NUCLEOTIDE TRIPLET IN mRNA THAT SPECIFIES A PARTICULAR AMINO ACID CALLED
CODON
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE PROCESS OF MOVING GENES FROM A CHROMSOME ON ONE ORGANISM TO A CHROMOSOME OF A DIFFERENT ORGANISM
GENETIC ENGINEERING
WHAT IS THE RISK ASSOCIATED WITH VACCINES PREPARED BY INJECTING KILLED OR WEAKENED PATHOGENIC MICROBES INTO HUMANS
A FEW REMIANING LIVE OR UNWEAKENED MICROBES COULD STILL CAUSE THE DISEASE
WHAT IS THE TRANSFERRING OF NORMAL HUMAN GENES INTO HUMAN CELLS THAT HAVE DEFECTIVE GENES CALLED
GENE THEORY
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF GEL ELECTROPHORESIS
SEPARATE DNA FRAGMENTS
SUPPOSE A BACTERIAL CULTURE WERE MIXED WITH RECOMBINANT PLASMIDS CONTAING A GENE FOR RESITANCE TO PENICILLIN. THE BACTERIAL CULTURE WAS THEN TREATED WITH PENICILLIN. WHAT EFFECT WOULD THE PENICILLIN HAVE ON THE BACTERIA
THOSE BACTERIA THAT ARE SUCCESSFULLY TRANSFORMED WILL BE RESISTANT TO PENICILLIN
WHAT IS THE ADVANTAGE OF USING TRANSGENIC BACTERIA TO PRODUCE HUMAN PROTEINS AS OPPOSED TO PROTEINS PRODUCED NATURALLY BY HUMANS
TRANSGENIC BACTERIA CAN PRODUCE HUMAN PROTEINS IN LARGE AMOUNTS
THE PROCESS OF DNA FINGERPRINTING IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT NO TWO PEOPLE EXCEPT IDENTICAL TWINS, HAVE EXACLY THE SAME WHAT
DNA
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF GENE THERAPY
CURE GENETIC DISORDERS
WHAT ARE CIRCULAR PICES OF BACTERIAL DNA THAT CAN REPLICATE INDEPENDENTLY OF THE ORGANISM'S MAIN CHROMOSOME AND ARE OFTEN USED AS VECTORS IN GENETIC ENGINEERING EXPERIMENTS CALLED
PLASMIDS
COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION OF WHICH HUMAN PROTEIN, RELATED TO DIABETES, WAS ONE OF TH FIRST SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS OF GENETIC ENGINEERING
INSULIN
WHY IS COLORBLINDNESS MORE COMMON IN MALES THAN IN FEMALES
BECAUSE MALES ONLY NEED ONE COPY OF THE GENE WHEREAS FEMALS NEED TWO
WHAT DOES RECOMINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY DO
USES BACTERIA TOMAKE COPIES OF THE DESIRED PRODUCT AND SPLICES DNAS TOGETHER
WHAT IS A STRAND OF DNA FORMED BY THE SPLICING OF DNA FROM TWO DIFFRENCT SPECIES CALLED
RECOMBINANT DNA
A CHANGE IN ONE DNA BASE, AFFECTING THE SHAPE OF RED BLOOD CELLS, CAUSES WHAT DISEASE
SICKLE CELL
HUNTINGTON'S, PKU, TAY-SACHS WHICH IS CAUSED BY A DOMINANT ALLELE
HUNTINGTON
WHAT WOULD BE THE VALUE OF INSERTING HUMAN GENES SUSPECTED OF CAUSING ALZHEIMER DISEASE INTO MICE
TO DEVELOP MICE THAT CAN SERVE AS MODELS FOR STUDY OF THIS CONDITION
HOW DOES APERSON INHERIT PKU
THEY INHERITED THE RECESSIVE ALLELE FOR THE TRAIT FROM BOTH PARENT
A WOMAN IS DIAGNOSED TOHAVE THE GENETIC DISEASE KNOWN AS HUNTINGTON'S DISORDER. IT SI A RARE DEFECT CASUED BY A AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT ALLELE. IF THE FATHR LACKS THE ALLELE, WHAT I S THE CHANCE FOR ANY ONE OF HER CHILDREN TO INHERIT THE DISEAASE
1/2
THE BREAKAGE OF A CHROMOSOME CAN LEADE TO A MUTATION WHAT TYPE OF MUTATION OCCURS IF THE PIECE REATTACHES TO A NON HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOME
TRANSLOCATION