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15 Cards in this Set

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What is hydrolysis?
The removal of water (H20) from substances, in order to bind them together, such as in the creation of proteins.
What is the "thrifty gene" theory, and what is the problem with this theory?
The thrifty gene is a hypothetical gene that would make fat storage easier, and losing fat harder. It cannot be proven.
What is ketosis and what is its relationship with the thrifty gene?
Ketosis is when the body's blood sugar level drops so low that it burns only fat. Ketosis is evolutions answer to the thrifty gene.
The formula C6H12O6 represents a molecule that is a building block for many...?
Carbohydrates
If one strand of DNA has the sequence of bases GCGTATTC the other strand of DNA would have the sequence...?
CGCATAAG
The substrate for the enzyme catalase is ______, and one of its products is ______
hydrogen peroxide, oxygen
What are the four types of biomolecules?
lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids.
What are the two categories of proteins?
structural and enzymes
what are the subunits of proteins?
amino acids
What are the three categories of lipids?
phospholipids, steroids, and fats, oils, waxes
What makes up a cell membrane?
A double layer of phospholipids with the hydrophelic heads on the outside, and the hydrophobic tails facing each other on the inside.
What are some examples of nucleic acids?
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid)
What are the four bases that make up DNA? RNA?
DNA-Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, Guanine
RNA- Adenine, Cytosine, Uracil, Guanine
What does a gene do?
A gene codes for a protein.
What are the subunits of carbohydrates?
Sugars (glucose, sucrose, fructose...)