Study Only Essay
Participant observation is when the researcher takes part in their own observation with the participants.
A non-participant study is where the researcher keeps his or her distance while observing the participants behaviours during the study.
Unlike the others the structured observation method is a semi-experimental …show more content…
The other natural type of observation is called a naturalistic observational study, which is a planned gathering of data while watching the natural behaviours in their natural environment, while avoiding the observer effect as those being watched are unaware which makes this study high in ecological validity.
Observational Study – NCI Dictionary of. Accessed from: http://www.cancer.gov/dictionary?cdrid=286105 (21st October2012)
The disadvantages of the participant observation are that the participant might be affected by the observer being in the room altering the outcome of the research, this is called the observer effect. The researcher might be influenced by the participants or his or her own experiences, this is called observer bias.
Non participant observations are observed at distance and so the observer has to build a result based on his or her own perception of the observation which could make the results inaccurate.