Essay Personality Theories

1494 Words Jun 13th, 2015 6 Pages
The Who's Who of Personality Theories
Tammy Blackstone
June 14. 2015
Jennifer Shamoun

The Who's Who of Personality Theories
There are many theories that have been utilized to describe personality. Four of the major theories about how personalities are formed are the psychodynamic theory, the humanistic theory, the trait theory, and the behaviorist/social learning theory. These different perspectives vary widely in their approach to understanding personality (Coon & Mitterer, 2015). Is one’s personality formed as the result of internal struggles, or because one is striving to be the best they can be? Maybe it is formed because the individual has a dominant trait that is present in all aspects of his life, or maybe
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He also believed that one’s psyche was comprised of three main parts; the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the unconscious part of the personality that operates on the pleasure principal and wants immediate satisfaction. The ego is the conscious part of the personality that keeps the id within acceptable limits, operating on the reality principal, and the superego is what makes an individual feel pride or shame when the id is allowed to prevail. Freud believed one’s unconscious id drive and repressed memories and emotions, were why people behaved irrationally at times (Coon & Mitterer, 2015). His thoughts about one’s unconscious conflicts being a main motivator of personality, especially early childhood events, are still talked about, and utilized, today because according to Coon and Mitterer (2015), “…some clinical psychologists continue to regard Freudian theory as a useful way to think about human problems” (Critical Comments). Psychoanalysis helps to uncover repressed feelings that one may have hidden because of traumatic childhood experiences (Carter & Seifert, 2013). Freud inspired many others, one of which was Carl Jung. Jung was considered a Neo-Freudian and deviated from Freud’s theory while still holding to the unconscious as a motivator to behavior.
Carl Jung (1875-1961) also participated in psychoanalysis and, like

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