Obesity Essay

2767 Words Mar 26th, 2016 12 Pages
sUnderstanding

Obesity

An educational resource provided by the Obesity Action Coalition

What is obesity?
Obesity is a disease characterized by excessive body fat.
People who are affected by obesity usually are affected by behavioral, genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control with dieting. Obesity increases the likelihood of certain diseases and other related health problems that can affect your quality of life and reduce your lifespan.

Who is affected?
Obesity is a serious health epidemic that affects one in three Americans. It is estimated that more than 93 million
Americans are affected by obesity, with that number predicted to climb to 120 million in the next five years.
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BMI is not used to determine a person’s actual percentage of body fat, but it is a good indicator to categorize weight in terms of what is healthy and unhealthy.

What are the health risks associated with obesity?
There are more than 40 medical conditions that are associated with obesity.
Individuals affected by obesity are at risk of developing one or more of these serious medical conditions, causing poor health or, in severe cases, early death. In fact, more than 112,000 annual deaths are attributable to obesity. The most prevalent obesity-related diseases include:








Type 2 Diabetes
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
Heart disease
Stroke
Gallbladder disease
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
(GERD)
• Osteoarthritis
• Sleep apnea and respiratory problems • Some cancers

What causes obesity?
Obesity is due to an individual taking in more calories than they burn throughout an extended period of time. These “extra” calories are stored as fat. Although there are several factors that can lead to this energy imbalance in individuals affected by obesity, the main contributors are behavior, environment and genetics.

Behavior
In today’s fast-paced environment, it is easy to adopt unhealthy behaviors.
Behavior, in the case of obesity, relates to food choices, amount of physical activity you get and the effort to maintain your health. Based

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