Nuclear Energy Essay

2011 Words Nov 13th, 2013 9 Pages
Nuclear Energy and its importance in context of India

Every single atom in the universe carries an unimaginably powerful battery within its heart, called the nucleus. This form of energy, often called Type-1 fuel, is hundreds of thousands, if not million, times more powerful than the conventional Type-0 fuels, which are basically dead plants and animals existing in the form of coal, petroleum, natural gas and other forms of fossil fuel. I. Terminology -
Nuclear fission –splitting of atoms to produce energy in the form of heat. Uranium a naturally occurring radioactive metal - only element in which fission(splitting off nucleus) can take place easily, setting off a chain reaction or a self-sustained splitting of atoms. The atoms of
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The industry now has more than 14,000 reactor-years of experience. Sixty more units, with a total target capacity of 58.6 GW under construction.
After Fukushima countries commit to reduce would reduce nuclear energy dependence Country | From | To | France | 78 | 50(in quick time) | Japan | 40 | 0 (by 2040) | Germany | 18 | 0 (by 2022) |

Can Japan really turn off its nuclear power?
i. Japan got around 30% of its electricity from nuclear power before Fukushima, and was planning to raise that to 50%. Now Japan, a resource-poor nation will be importing 96% of its energy from overseas, mainly fossil fuels. This is expensive, not to speak of ruining all environmental standards. ii. Almost all of Japan's oil and gas is sourced from West Asia, and all of those super tankers traverse the difficult waters of Straits of Hormuz, South and East China Seas having geo-strategic limitations given trust-deficit with China. iii. Japan is not an overt nuclear weapons state, but it's famously known as being a screwdriver's turn away from being one. It could become a costly security mistake.
Germany's alternatives are a little better. Moving to fossil fuels will hit at the heart of the green movement which wants Germany to slash its carbon emissions by 2020 to 40% below 1990 levels. Germany already leads in solar panels and wind turbines. But wind turbines are deterrent to wildlife conservationists; they want turbines offshore thus expensive. One needs

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