Essay on Debate Prep

989 Words May 27th, 2016 4 Pages
Debate Prep

Against the motion:

Modern liberalism has moved too far away from the ideas of classical liberalism?

Both classical and modern liberals believe that the individual is a building block of society and that each person is different and thus had different strengths and weaknesses. J. S. Mill implied the nature of humankind as a diverse species should be viewed as a strength. The idea of Freedom and protection of individual rights is also common of both strands. These beliefs stem from the Enlightenment theory that individuals are distinct and valuable, with John Locke defines our (God-given) natural rights as "Life, liberty and property". Immanuel Kant views humans as "ends in themselves", implying that and he makes
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The tenant of 'Justice' is based on the liberal belief in equality and implies that people are given what they are 'due'. The principle of equality relies on the belief that people are 'born equal' and thus liberals theoretically disagree with favoring, i.e. in the form of benefits people on the basis of race, color, gender or religion. They therefore have both legal and political equality resulting in equality before the law; "one person, one vote; one vote, one values." Liberals claim that people should have 'equality of opportunity' as thus have the same chance to rise or fall in society. This is different from social equality, which liberals view as undesirable as people are different and have varying talents and skills, and should be rewarded for merit with the incentive of reaching one's 'full potential'. The result is a meritocracy based on both people's ability and luck; people are judged on "the content of their character" (Martin Luther King).

The Modern and Classical strands of liberalism share similar principles - indeed if they did not, it would be wrong to classify them as two strands of the same ideology. It seems the fundamental differences between them rely on the 'negative' and 'positive' views, which define them and which lead on to the fundamental opposition inherent in liberalism: the role of the state.

IF OPPOSING TEAM USES ARGUMENT SUGGESTING FREEDOM IS DIFFERENT IN

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