This article is about the country. For other uses, see Bulgaria (disambiguation).
Republic of Bulgaria
Република България Flag Coat of arms Motto: Съединението прави силата (Bulgarian)
"Saedinenieto pravi silata" (transliteration)
"Unity makes strength"1
Мила Родино (Bulgarian)
Mila Rodino (transliteration)
Dear Motherland Location of Bulgaria (dark green)
– on the European continent (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) — [Legend] Capital
(and largest city) Sofia (София)
42°41′N 23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317
Official language(s) Bulgarian
Ethnic groups (2001) 84% …show more content…
5 Domestic power supply 220 V/50 Hz, Schuko (CEE 7/4) sockets
Bulgaria (i /bʌlˈgɛəriə/; Bulgarian: България; officially the Republic of Bulgaria Република България, translit. Republika Bulgaria, [rɛˈpublikɐ bɤ̞ɫˈɡarijɐ]), is a country in Southeast Europe. Bulgaria borders five other countries: Romania to the north (mostly along the Danube), Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Greece and Turkey to the south. The Black Sea defines the extent of the country to the east.
With a territory of 110,994 square kilometers (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria ranks as the 16th-largest country in Europe. Several mountainous areas define the landscape, most notably the Stara Planina (Balkan) and Rodopi mountain ranges, as well as the Rila range, which includes the highest peak in the Balkan region, Musala. In contrast, the Danubian plain in the north and the Upper Thracian Plain in the south represent Bulgaria's lowest and most fertile regions. The 378-kilometer (235 mi) Black Sea coastline covers the entire eastern bound of the country. Bulgaria's capital city and largest settlement is Sofia.
The emergence of a unified Bulgarian ethnicity and state dates back to the 7th century AD. All Bulgarian political entities that subsequently emerged preserved the traditions (in ethnic name, language and alphabet) of the First Bulgarian Empire (681–1018), which at times covered most of the Balkans and eventually became a