Bp Oil Spill Disaster Essay
BP Oil Spill which is also known as Gulf of Mexico and Deepwater Horizon oil spill is the largest marine oil spill throughout the history which was caused by an explosion on offshore oil platform namely Deepwater Horizon on 20th April, 2010 located at the Mississippi River delta. British Petroleum (BP) was the principal developer of Macondo Prospects oil field where the accident held. The accident occurred when they were closing the oil well for using it in future prospects. BP claimed that on July 15, 2010 they capped the well by stopping the flow of into the Gulf of Mexico in 86 days. Following the hazards of oil spill U.S. Government held British Petroleum responsible for the …show more content…
Resultantly a large amount of oil began to spread at the sea surface. The Flow Rate Technical Group appointed to monitor the leakage flow rates. According to an estimate, the leaked amount is about 4.9 million barrels of oil. It is also undermined the 1979 Ixtoc-1 oil spill which was the largest spill on record before this Deepwater Horizon disaster in the Gulf of Mexico.
Three fundamental strategies for removing and cleaning of spilled oil were designed. First, contain it on the; second, to dilute and disperse the oil in less sensitive areas; and third, to remove the oil from the water. These strategies were followed with variety of techniques. Firstly, to stop the oil flow, drilling mud method called ‘static kill’ was used through which mud was pumped into the well-head. This method was announced efficient working on 4th August (2).
A sudden accident that can lead to a great loss of life was Hurricane Katrina, a natural Catastrophe that does not only effected a huge number of population but also the marine life, food chain, ecosystem, animals and many more. It also disrupts the life style functioning system and all the resources in it.
The different types of systems